Jennifer Whiting's First, Second, and Other Selves: Essays on Friendship and PDF

By Jennifer Whiting

In her essay collection First, moment, and different Selves: Essays on Friendship and private Identity, famous pupil of historic philosophy Jennifer Whiting gathers her formerly released essays taking Aristotle's theories on friendship as a springboard to interact with modern philosophical paintings on own id and ethical psychology.

Whiting examines 3 topics during the assortment, the 1st being psychic contingency, or the idea that the mental constructions attribute of people may possibly in truth fluctuate, not only from one cultural (or socio-historical) context to a different, but additionally from one person to a different. the second one subject is the assumption that comradeship informs an figuring out of the character of the self, an idea that springs from Whiting's unusual studying of Aristotle's writings on friendship. in particular, Whiting explains a state of affairs during which a "virtuous agent" adopts one of those impersonal perspective either in the direction of herself and in the direction of her "character" pals, loving either simply because they're virtuous; this situation ties in with an exam of the Aristotelian notion of the precise buddy as an "other self," or a friendship that evolves from personality instead of ego, in addition to Whiting's meditation on even if a virtuous person must have a "special" kind of situation for her personal destiny self, specific in style from the fear that she has for others. The 3rd topic is that of rational egoism, an idea that Whiting evaluations, specially within the context of Aristotle's eudaimonism.

The important guideline of the gathering is the message that taking "ethocentric" (or character-based) attitudes either in the direction of ourselves and in the direction of our buddies sheds gentle at the nature of non-public identification and is helping to wrestle ethnocentric and different objectionable kinds of bias, a message that's turning into more and more pressing in gentle of the hot deaths of Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown.

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First, Second, and Other Selves: Essays on Friendship and Personal Identity by Jennifer Whiting

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