By N. Papayanis
this is often apoliticalbiography ofAlphonseMerrheim, asignificant chief of the Conf6d6ration G6n6raledu Travail(CGT)intheyears among 1904 and 1923 and crucial member of the Federation of Metalworkers through the sameperiod. Hewas born inthe Nord in 1871 and becameaworkeratanearlyage, firstinmetallurgythanintextiles and eventually once again in metalworking. In his ideologicalevolution hepassed via asocialistpoliticalpartyandthenconvertedtorevolutionarys- dicalism. In his extraordinary fusion of concept and perform, Merrheim represented a sort of progressive syndicalism that is helping outline the features of that flow. He believed, alongwithother revo- tionary syndicalists, that in the future a employees' normal strike could ov- throw capitalism. however the syndicalist circulate wouldpreparethat ev- tualitybystrengtheningtheworkersthrough socialreformsandbycreating their classification awareness via schooling. Merrheim, although, p- ticipatedsothoroughly intradeunionactivityandstudiedtheorganization of capitalistindustry so carefullythat he cametoemphasizetheprepa- tions for this sort of generalstrike even more than thestrikeitself. The try out of his angle cameon theeve of, in the course of, and instantly afterWorld battle I; for opposite tothe calls for of yes militant and innovative workerswhobelievedthatthethreatofwar andthenthedislocationcaused by way of the warfare demanded a innovative reaction, Merrheim repeatedly stressedthe hazards ofsuch anaction prior to the adequatepreparation of the employees. Hissteadfast refusaleventorespondtothestrikeactions of a few ofhisown metalworkers in 1919 shows the crucial contradiction among hisrevolutionary idea and reformistpractice. This e-book examinesindetailMerrheim'sevolution fromarevolutionary to areformer. Insodoingit alsoshedslightonanequallysubstantialtopic, particularly, howacertaintypeofworkerrespondedtoindustrializationinthe past due 19th and earlytwentiethcenturies. Merrheim is an engaging determine, too, becauseofhispositioninthelabormovement, foritrepresents a different focalpoint forthestudy oflaborhistory. Merrheim enteredthe Frenchlabormovement within the Nineties and remainedactiveinituntil 1923. in the course of that periodhewas, successively, alocalunion chief, co-secretary xii of a nationallaborfederation, and animportant figurewithinthe CGT. by no means thesecretary-generaloftheCGT, hewasneverthelesstheconfident of thesecretary-generalfrom 1909, L6on Jouhaux.
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Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in Revolutionary Syndicalism, 1871 – 1925 (Studies in Social History) by N. Papayanis